Tax Benefits of Oil and Gas Drilling

 

Intangible Drilling Cost Tax Deduction

The intangible expenditures of drilling (labor, chemicals, mud, grease, etc.) range from (65 to 88%) of the cost of a well. These expenditures are considered "Intangible Drilling Cost (IDC)", which is 100% deductible during the first year. For example, a $100,000 investment would yield from $65,000 to $88,000 in tax deductions during the first year of the venture. These deductions are available in the year the money was invested, even if the well does not start drilling until March 31 of the year following the contribution of capital. (See Section 263 of the Tax Code.)

Tangible Drilling Cost Tax Deduction

The total amount of the investment allocated to the equipment "Tangible Drilling Costs (TDC)" is 100% tax deductible. In the example above, the remaining tangible costs ($35,000 to $12,000) may be deducted as depreciation over a five to seven-year period. (See Section 263 of the Tax Code.)

Congressional Incentives Encourage Domestic Petroleum Development

Congress has provided tax incentives to stimulate domestic natural gas and oil production financed by private sources. Drilling projects offer many tax advantages and these benefits greatly enhance the economics. These incentives are not "Loop Holes" -- they were placed in the Tax Code by Congress to make participation in oil and gas ventures one of the best tax advantaged investments.

Alternative Minimum Tax

Prior to the 1992 Tax Act, working interest participants in oil and gas ventures were subject to the normal Alternative Minimum Tax to the extent that this tax exceeded their regular tax. This Tax Act specifically exempted Intangible Drilling Cost as a Tax Preference Item. "Alternative Minimum Taxable Income" generally consists of adjusted gross income, minus allowable Alternative Minimum Tax itemized deduction, plus the sum of tax preference items and adjustments. "Tax preference items" are preferences existing in the Code to greatly reduce or eliminate regular income taxation. Included within this group are deductions for excess Intangible Drilling and Development Costs and the deduction for depletion allowable for a taxable year over the adjusted basis in the Drilling Acreage and the wells thereon.

 

 

 

 

 
Colombia

 

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Colombia

 
Venezuela

 

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